Both consuls were killed, however, leaving Octavian in sole command of their armies, some eight legions. The two forces met at Philippi, Greece, in 42 B. However, when the Senate gave its officers special powers to "preserve the state," Antony felt that the measure would be used against him and he fled to Caesar. At this point he turned again to Cleopatra, who had borne him two children and given him full political and financial support.
This was interrupted when the news arrived that Antony's brother and wife were openly defying Octavian in Italy. Without their fleet, Caesar lacked the necessary transport ships to cross into Greece with his seven legions.
Caesar's command in Gaul was coming to an end, and a group in the Senate was set on bringing Caesar to trial for what they saw as his misuse of his power. Antony opposed the law for political and personal reasons: His legions, however, quickly joined Antony, giving him control over seventeen legions, the largest army in the West. Instead, he sailed with only two and placed Antony in command of the remaining five at Brundisium with instructions to join him as soon as he was able.
Antony might have ensured his leadership without difficulty if the young Octavian, nephew of Caesar, had not appeared, claiming to be Caesar's adopted son and heir and also demanding to be given Caesar's political power. His grandfather had been one of Rome's leading public speakers, and his father, Marcus Antonius Creticus, had died in a military expedition against pirates when Antony was young. The young Cleopatra became Caesar's mistress and bore him a son, Caesarion. He was a major figure in the Second Catilinarian Conspiracy and was summarily executed on the orders of the Consul Cicero in 63 BC for his involvement.
The three entered into a five-year pact, soon ratified by a law, conferring on them a joint autocracy, the triumvirate. Caesar was rapidly moving in the direction of a government in which he would hold king-like powers.
With the war over, Antony was sent back to Rome to act as Caesar's protector against Pompey and the other Optimates. Mark Antony and Cleopatra In 41 B. Several buildings in the Forum and some houses of the conspirators were burned to the ground. Antony and Octavian now moved eastward to face the army of those who had killed Caesar.
Posted by: Meztile | on October 2, 2012
When Octavian had problems in Italy and the West in 37, Antony met him at Tarentum , supplied him with ships, and agreed to renew the triumvirate for another five years. A few days later he staged a ceremony at which Cleopatra was pronounced Queen of Kings, and her son and joint monarch Ptolemy XV Caesar Caesarion, now recognized by Antony as the son of Cleopatra and Julius Caesar was declared King of Kings; the two sons and one daughter that Cleopatra had by this time borne to Antony were also given imposing royal titles.
While Octavian returned to Italy, Antony went east to put affairs in order in the eastern provinces. Antony came into the office at a critical time.
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